China has called India’s move in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) “illegal and invalid” and raised the issue at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in New York (USA).
On 5th August 2019, the President of India promulgated the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019 efficiently revoking the special status given to J&K under the provision of Article 370.
5th August 2020 marks the one-year anniversary of that move. On this very day Pakistan released a new political map that contains all of J&K, Ladakh, Sir Creek and Junagadh.
- China’s Stand on Kashmir:
- The Kashmir issue is a dispute left over from history between Pakistan and India, which is an objective fact established by the UN Charter, relevant Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements between Pakistan and India.
- Any unilateral change to the status quo in the Kashmir region is illegal and invalid.
- Kashmir region issue should be properly and peacefully resolved through dialogue and consultation between the parties concerned.
- India’s Reaction:
- India has noted the Chinese comments and held that Beijing has “no locus standi” on the matter and is advised not to comment on the internal affairs of other nations.
- UN’s Response:
- The J&K issue has been raised at the UNSC three times in the last year but there has been no concrete solution to it yet.
- UN human rights experts have called on India to take urgent action to address the alarming human rights situation in the region.
- If India fails to take any genuine and immediate steps to resolve the situation, meet the obligations to investigate historic and recent cases of human rights violations and prevent future violations, then the international community should step up.