The Balochistan Refugee Crisis: Blemishing Principles Of Human Rights And Humanity

Author: Varun Raj Wahane, B.A LL.B (2nd Year), New Law College, Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Pune. Co-Author: Aranya Chatterjee, B.A LL.B (1st Year), New Law College, Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Pune. Introduction Despotism of Democracy or Despotism in Democracy When one looks at the core cause of the creation of refugees one will always be curious about why and when did the need for a situation like this occurs in a specific country? It is obvious to think that why the people who live peacefully and greatly together have a discriminatory behavior with each other in an epiphany that the group of humankind suddenly becomes a Refugee in the very same country where their ancestors have been residing for many decades. There are multiple reasons which lead to this situation, but one of the most unheard is society itself. In most democracies, the people create change through political mandate, but this mandate is obtuse of the majority. Suppressing the minority community is despotism of democracy which creates tension in the domestic affairs of a country. On one side we focus on the power of all-mighty democracy but at the same time how it could be misused for political benefits or benefits of certain groups. Unfortunately, one cannot question why does society behaves in such a manner? Because society changes its behavior with time, and if the behavior or thinking of society is to be countered then the idea of democracy will vanish. The despotism of democracy or despotism in democracy can suddenly get versant and tends to become disastrous with the masqueraded stamp search. In the name of democracy where rule by majority decide the coordination of a state, has witnessed that due to improper functioning of the state large group of people are forced to leave their own country for political and religious regions, war-like situation and not enough food or other resources. Political and religious reasons always create a major impact because these are the reasons which can easily infect the mentality of people and make them work accordingly. Thus as a result in these situations religion acts a catalyst. Religion as a Catalyst If we study the grass root level of every religion in this world, we would observe, that religion can control a man by the virtue of faith which in itself is a question. In the 19th Century, there was a word which was used in English literature, “Gospel truth” which means an unquestionable truth indicating towards people’s blind faith. Of course, blind can’t be questioned, or be challenged by anyone whether it’s true or false, it will always prevail over facts. So, any kind of statement that is added to improvise this audacity is deemed to be neglected at any cost. So having said that all one needs to understand is that religious leader has immense control and coordination over Minds of the people. Thus in a society where blind faith exist, presence of ardent feature is a compulsion which results into the development of extremist ideologies. As a result of this the extremist religious leaders with the aid of these ardent features can accomplish or put a constraint on anything as per their convenience. Ardent characteristics see themselves as an auxiliary to God and play a major role in refugee creation. In various countries, society has a plurality of a group that practices religious extremism, which makes it very difficult for another culture with different religions identity to survive or remain under one same homeland because the majority will make them unsustainable to live and survive by making discriminatory policies. Politics as a vociferous felon Various Instances can be highlighted where Politics acted as lethal infection, virus which tends to spread in a vociferous manner. In the matter of impact on people it flows very easily and furiously. Therefore the paper uses the word vociferous felon. It is necessary to understand that not only domestic politics, but also international politics minority communities. This happened in Afghanistan where the people never wanted any war but had to face it because of foreign elements and international politics. Self-determination of a country can also be a radical change affecting the thoughts of the people, which this paper will emphasize through the example of Baluchistan. All these factors create a divide in society, country and in people, creating a threat to one’s identity and culture eventually creating separation in such a manner that it becomes necessary to leave one’s homeland. Matter of fact, politics can give it’s best to make things worse or opposite vis a vis, therefore this paper comes up with its hypothesis that as religious extremism there is a collaboration of politics which creates the chaos of refugee crises all over the world. A democratic will of the majority cannot be controlled, but the administrative authority is not of the majority but of the people inside the given territory. In the given paper it will be discussed how the government of Pakistan has deliberately sidelined the Baloch people because of their cultural and religious differences with the majority of Pakistani people. Similar was the situation of the people of Myanmar’s Rohingya community who were declared outsiders and thrown out of their own homes. The people are not to be blamed for any crime. But it is the political propaganda which destroys the harmony of a nation, be it domestic propaganda or an international one. For the benefits of some, humanitarian values are discarded risking the lives of innocent people. Current Crisis The Balochistan region is administratively divided among 3 countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. In Asian country, insurgencies by Baloch nationalists in Baluchistan province are fought in 1948, 1958–59, 1962–63 and 1973–1977 – with a brand new in progress and reportedly stronger, broader rebellion starting in 2003. Historically, drivers of the conflict are reported to incorporate “tribal divisions”, the Baloch-Pashtun ethnic divisions, “marginalization by Punjabi interests”, and “economic oppression”. The current situation in Balochistan is like a state-funded terror by the Pakistani military to dissolve any kind of rebellion against the state authority in the name of security of the people and the state. Whereas, the marginalized regional community doesn’t acknowledge the state as well as the authority as their own. This paves the way for a greater crisis for the UN to administrate or interfere in the matter. The Pakistani government has denied any kind of allegations put up by the Baloch people. This state-funded terror has made the Baloch people to leave their homelands; they are becoming refugees or immigrants in the world. But still many are residing in Pakistan, and they continuously criticize the authorities for their negligence towards them. Most of the Baloch community demand independence of their state from Pakistan. Baloch political activists and human rights activists while interacting with media at Geneva Press Club, stated that the situation in Balochistan is witnessing an unprecedented decline as the state agencies of Pakistan are on a rampage, The conference organized by Baloch Voice Association was addressed by Professor Naela Qadri Baloch, Mama Qadeer Baloch and other human rights activists who highlighted the issue of killings of political and human rights activist in Pakistan. Naela Qadri Baloch, who is heading the World Baloch Women’s Forum, said that Pakistan has been exploiting all the resources of Balochistan and later using it as a dump yard, not caring for the lives of its citizens. According to her, “Pakistan has time and again proved that they just need the land of Balochistan. They need our gold. They need our oil, they need our minerals, they need our deep seaports to sell them to China, and they need our land for their proxy nuclear experiments.”[1] Ever since Pakistan signed the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) multi-billion-dollar agreement with China, the number of atrocities has grown rapidly. They conducted Chinese nuclear tests on the Baluchistan soil; five nuclear detonations on the Balochistan soil. There was no irrigation, situation of drought prevailed, and in Baluchistan, 90% of wildlife died. It was declared by Baloch Human Rights Organization’s (BHRO) representative, the most devastating human rights violations. In different incidents, 91 people were extra judicially executed, 138 forcefully disappeared and 51 people were released. Many cases of enforced disappearances emerged. The majority of the families of enforced disappeared people are not filing cases in fear of security forces and those who have filed cases in court and police stations are not following the cases due to non-cooperation of civil administration and judiciary[2]. A collective humanitarian approach As the world has gone through radical changes over the years, so has the society and people. This change in the 20th century globalized world has developed interconnectedness among various mediums and channels, like internet and the social networking. It is said that these mediums bring the world closer, but what is the use of this technological driven era which is more divided than it was earlier. The need of such closeness is to be questioned when it is making the humankind to combat with each other rather than resolve its issues. There is no doubt that refugee crisis is created by the political agenda of some to overthrow others. The Baloch people are forced to take asylum in different countries for a safe environment for themselves and for their children. They refuse to accept the administration of Pakistan.[1] All they demand is to be heard by the international community and U.N. to give them the right to self-determination. As the state changes its identity as per the majority religion, minority community tends to lose their existence in the state. This creates a sense of fear among the minorities. Baluchistan and Myanmar are evident example of this hypothesis. Whereas Afghanistan had to face the crisis in which they anticipated directly, but somehow there was an existence of religious extremism which took place in Afghanistan which led to war. This all concludes that totalitarian, religious regimes cannot offer anything but an epiphany of war or disaster. This inhuman treatment violating the basic human rights should not take place in the future. Religious sentiments should not be treated as the weapon of war nor the practice of ethnic cleansing is justified. The first world nations are expected to adopt a collective humanitarian approach, because they have the resources and the power to provide assistance to the third world countries so that they can reestablish themselves from the aftermath of colonialism. Now is the time to work upon It’s the time to stand for the humankind rather than developing personal gains. Therefore this paper concludes at the end that political and religious extremism can only be countered by humanitarian values, and by countries collectively working for peace. [1]Unnamed Author, ‘Baloch activists slam Pakistan for human rights violations in Baluchistan’, Business Standard (Europe,14 November 2019),accessed 3 January 2020 [2] BHRO, “Enforced Disappearances” continues.138 people forcefully disappeared, 91 killed in August,(BHRO, 4 September 2017) accessed 16 January 2020 [1]Rahul Tripathi, ”Call me a dog, but not a Pakistani: Baloch refugee”, The Economic times(India 20 August 2016), accessed 15 January 2020 Edited By: Shreya Chakraborty, B.A LL.B(Hons) 3rd Year, Amity Law School, Amity University Rajasthan. DISCLAIMER: Views and opinions as expressed in the Research Articles are solely of the author and any member of the Editorial team or the Founder, Co-Founder or other members of the website shall not be liable for the same.

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